The first choice when starting a company in Poland is to decide which type of legal entity will be incorporated. The most common type of legal entity in Poland used by foreigners is the limited liability company (LLC, in Polish: “spółka z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością”, abbreviation: “sp. z o. o.”).
Superior authority of a limited liability company is the Shareholders’ Meeting. The company is represented by a Management Board (consisting of at least one person) according to principles laid down in Articles of Association. There are no residency requirements for the Management Board’s members. In a limited liability company, a Supervisory Board may be optionally appointed. In limited liability companies whose initial capital exceeds 500.000 PLN, and the number of shareholders exceeds twenty-five, the Supervisory Board or audit commission is compulsory.
A limited liability company can be easily registered online or can be established by concluding a company agreement that requires a form of notarial deed.
Online company formation procedure is performed via online application in the National Court Register service (eKRS system that includes so-called S24 system). The eKRS electronic system is available for both Polish and foreign citizens. Signing documents and application for entry in the National Court Register (KRS) requires signature with a Trusted Profile (ePUAP) or qualified electronic signature (the signature purchased from the supplier of qualified certificates). You can also be represented by a proxy with a Trusted Profile or qualified electronic signature. The court is obliged to recognize the online registration request in 24 hours, but in practice it usually takes 2 or 3 days. represented by a proxy with a Trusted Profile or qualified electronic signature. The court is obliged to recognize the online registration request in 24 hours, but in practice it usually takes 2 or 3 days.
At the notary’s office all shareholders must be present personally or be represented by a proxy who has a notarized power of attorney.
The electronic registration is faster and cheaper, but you can only sign simple Articles of Association template and make cash contributions. It is also possible to register a company online and then make amendments to the Articles of Association in the form of notarial deed.
From 1st July it is mandatory to use electronic form of communication with the National Register Court in Poland.
As a experienced team of lawyers we provide legal services in all matters related to the company’s formation process. We can help foreign entrepreneurs in those cases in which they cannot be present in the country during the entire company registration process.
During the registration you will need to indicate so-called PKD (Polish Classification of Business Activities) codes. The codes show your company’s areas of business. You can modify your set of codes at any time. You have to choose a main PKD code that covers major areas of your business. In the court you can register only up to 10 PKD codes but of course you can choose more.
To register your company, you must enter an address in the National Court Register. This address will be considered as the registered office of your company where there should always be someone present to collect your business correspondence and send correspondence-related notices to you. For many companies it is convenient to indicate virtual office address. This address may be visited by the personnel of your tax office to verify if your company’s place of business. Thus, it is important that a person present in the seat of your company has at least general information about your company, its products or services etc.
If you are interested in our virtual office offer, contact us directly.
Accounting books are used for the full accountancy. Accounting books are compulsory for limited liability companies regardless of the amount of yearly income. We recommend to contract out bookkeeping to an accounting office to keep it correct and well organized.
Being a team of professional accountants, we provide the highest quality bookkeeping services for foreigners.
The Central Registry for Beneficiary Owners (CRBO) is an IT system operated by the Ministry of Finance to process data on the beneficial owners of certain entities. Every Polish registered limited liability company needs to register in CRBO within 7 days from the date of registration in the National Register Court. Also, any changes in the shareholders’ structure need to be updated in CRBO.
For CRBO purposes, a beneficial owner is any natural person with direct or direct control over the entity concerned, based on powers arising from legal or factual circumstances that allow them to exercise decisive influence over the entity’s actions or activities.
If the company fails to meet this obligation, it may be fined.
We can help you identify beneficial owners in each case as well as file an application.
Ta strona używa ciasteczek, żeby zapewnić jak najlepszą obsługę. Przejdź do Polityki Prywatności, jeśli chcesz wiedzieć więcej.